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Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Response (HA/DR): Pandemics & HA/DR

This research guide provides information, resources, and training materials on the subject of civil-military coordination in foreign humanitarian assistance and disaster responses (HA/DR).

Urban Outbreak 2019

From 17-18 September 2019, the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS) - National Center for Disaster Medicine and Public Health (NCDMPH) and the United States Naval War College (NWC) conducted a game at Johns Hopkins University’s Applied Physics Lab (JHU-APL) in Laurel, Maryland. Titled “Urban Outbreak 2019,” this two-day, three-move analytic game was internally developed by the NWC’s Humanitarian Response Program (HRP) and emerged as an output from their 2018 Civilian-Military Humanitarian Response Workshop.

Building on the work of the 2019 Urban Outbreak game, professors from the Civilian-Military Humanitarian Response Program within the College of Maritime Operational Warfare at the U.S. Naval War College and two NWC interns from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) PKG Center’s Social Impact Internships Program released an “Urban Outbreak Online Simulation” in November 2020. The game focuses on players responding to a notional disease outbreak in a fictional developing nation. The single-player game is available free-of-charge to the public in the link in the Urban Outbreak 2019 box below. Other resources related to COVID-19, Ebola, and other pandemics are given below as well as in the case studies tab.

Urban Outbreak 2019

COVID-19 Resources

Featured Resources

Pandemic Articles


Please note, this page contains content and links to websites that are being provided as a convenience and for general informational purposes only. They do not constitute an endorsement, approval, affiliation, or association with the Department of Defense, Department of the Navy, or the U.S. Naval War College unless specified.