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Territorial Disputes: The South China Sea
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Territorial Disputes: The South China Sea: State Interests
This Research Guide provides links to primary documents, reports, periodical articles, and books on disputes and state claims in the South China Sea.
Reports and Documents
Treaties and Agreements
ASEAN Urged To Unite over South China Sea
China and Brunei to Step Up Oil and Gas Development in Disputed South China Sea
Zhen Liu, South China Morning Post, November 2019.
In Brunei, China Woos Rival South China Sea Claimant
Shannon Tiezzi, The Diplomat, November 2018.
Malaysia and Brunei: An Analysis of their Claims in the South China Sea
J. Ashley Roach, CNA Occassional Paper, August 2014
Silent Storm in the South China Sea
Chiew Chee Phoong and Bandar Seri Begawan,
Brunei Times, 13 September 2010
South China Sea Code: China Ready To Work with Brunei
Borneo Bulletin, 21 April 2012
China, the South China Sea and Implications for India
Jayadeva Ranade, Indian Foreign Affairs Journal, vol. 7, iss. 2, April-June 2012
India's Approaches to the South China Sea: Priorities and Balances
Ulises Granados, Asia & The Pacific Policy Studies, January 2018.
India and the South China Sea
Byron Chong, Center for International Maritime Security, February 2018.
India and the South China Sea Dispute
Abijit Singh, Observer Research Foundation, March 2016.
India and the South China Seas: The Need for a Second Look
R. S. Kalha, Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, 23 September 2011
India Vows to Protect S. China Sea Interests
Anjana Pasricha, Voice of America, 4 December 2012
India’s Strategic Stakes in the South China Sea
Abhijit Singh, Asia Policy, January 2016.
Map Row: India Terms Chinese Action as Unacceptable
Business Standard 23 November 2012
Ready To Protect Indian Interests in South China Sea: Navy Chief
Manu Pubby, Indian Express, 4 December 2012
South China Sea and India's Geopolitical Interests
Nandini Jawli, Indian Journal of Asian Affairs, Vol. 29, no. 1/2, 2016.
South China Sea Dispute: Implications for India
Raman Puri and Arun Sahgal, Indian Foreign Affairs Journal, vol. 6, no. 4, October-December 2011
Annoyed in Natuna; Indonesia and the South China Sea
The Economist, July 2016.
Asserting sovereignty, Indonesia renames part of South China Sea
Toma Allard; Bernadette Christina Munthe, Reuters, 14 July 2017.
The Domestic Politics of Indonesia's Approach to the Tribunal Ruling and the South China Sea
Evan Laksmana, Contemporary Southeast Asia, vol. 38, no. 3, 2016.
Implications of Indonesia’s new military base in the South China Sea
Premesha Saha, Observer Research Foundation, February 2019.
Indonesia, Long on Sidelines, Starts to Confront China’s Territorial Claims
Joe Cochrane, New York Times, 10 September 2017.
Indonesia Seeks to Assert Authority in Waters in South China Sea
Karlis Salna, Bloomberg, February 2019.
Indonesia’s South China Sea Dilemma: Between Neutrality and Self-Interest
Ristian Atriandi Supriyanto, RSIS Commentaries No. 126, July 2012.
Out of Its Comfort Zone: Indonesia and the South China Sea
Ristian Atriandi Supriyanto, Asia Policy, no. 21, January 2016.
South China Sea Dispute: Indonesia
Geopolitical Monitor, July 2018.
Japan's Meddling in the South China Sea: Current Movement and Future Developments
Zhu Haiyan, China International Studies, no. 2, 2016.
Japan's Perceptions of and Interests in the South China Sea
Yoji Koda, Asia Policy, iss. 21, 2016.
Japan and the South China Sea Dispute: Seeking a More Active Political Role
LAM Peng Er, EAI Background Brief No. 756, 27 September 2012
Japan Is Becoming Player in South China Sea Sovereignty Dispute
Ralph Jennings, VOA News, 20 March 2017.
Japan`s Policy towards the South China Sea – Applying “Proactive Peace Diplomacy”?
Reinhard Drifte, Institute for Security & Development Policy, Report no. 140, 2016.
Japan’s Strategic Interests in the South China Sea: Beyond the Horizon?
Kei Koga, Australian Journal of International Affairs, vol. 72, iss. 1, 2018.
What Happens in the South China Sea, Matters in the East China Sea: Japan's Reaction to the South China Sea Arbitration Ruling
Matthew Short, Asia Pacific Bulletin, October 2016.
Japan's Delicate Balancing Act in the South China Sea
Benoit Hardy-Chartrand; J. Berkshire Miller, National Interest, June 2017.
China's Assertive Posture in Reinforcing its Territorial and Sovereignty Claims in the South China Sea: An Insight into Malaysia's Stance
Mohammad Zaki Ahmad; Mohd Azizudin Mohd Sani, Japanese Journal of Political Science, vol. 18, iss. 1, 2017.
Malaysia's Right to Stake Claim to Spratlys
New Straits Times, March 2019.
Malaysia: Recalibrating It's South China Sea Policy?
Elina Noor, Asia MAritime Transparency Initiative, January 2016.
Malaysia and Brunei: An Analysis of their Claims in the South China Sea
J. Ashley Roach, CNA Occassional Paper, August 2014
Malaysia to be Firmer in Row Over South China Sea
Eileen Ng, Seattle Times, July 2018.
Malaysia’s Great Power Balance and the South China Sea Disputes
John M. Finkbeiner, Thesis, U.S. Army War College, 2013.
Playing It Safe: Malaysia's Approach to the South China Sea and Implications for the United States
Prashanth Parameswaran, Center for a New American Security, March 2015.
A Small State's Foreign Affairs Strategy: Making Sense of Malaysia's Strategic Response to the South China Sea Debacle
Adam Leong Kok Wey, Comparative Strategy, vol. 36, iss. 5, 2017.
The South China Sea Conundrum: China's Strategic Culture and Malaysia's Preferred Approaches
Benny Teh Cheng Guan, International Journal of China Studies, vol. 8, iss. 3, 2017.
Sovereignty over Pedra Branca/Pulau Batu Puteh, Middle Rocks and South Ledge Case
Suzette V Suarez, Oxford Public International Law; updated April 2013
People's Republic of China (PRC)
Between Assertiveness and Self-Restraint: Understanding China's South China Sea policy
Zhou Fangyin, International Affairs, vol. 92, iss. 4, 2016.
China's Claims in the South China Sea
C.H. Tung, China-US Focus, June 2018.
China's Rights and Interests in the South China Sea: Challenges and Policy Responses
Wu Ningbo, Australian Journal of Maritime and Ocean Affairs, vol. 8, iss. 4, 2016.
China and the South China Sea "Lawfare"
Hsiao, Anne Hsiu-An, Issues and Studies, Vol. 52, iss. 2, 2016.
China’s Forward Policy in the South China Sea
R. S. Kalha, Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses, 30 July 2012
China’s Long March at Sea: Explaining Beijing’s South China Sea Strategy, 2009–2016
Feng Zhang, The Pacific Review, March 2019.
How China Can Resolve the FONOP Deadlock in the South China Sea
Liu Xiaobo, Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative, March 2019.
The Modern Creation of China's "Historic Rights" Claim in the South China Sea
Bill Hayton, Asian Affairs, vol. 49, iss. 3, 2018.
Republic of China's Decision‐Making Process in Regards to Drawing a U‐shaped Line on the Map of the South China Sea and Its Implications
Hurng-Yu Chen, Pacific Focus, August 2016.
Understanding China’s Position on the South China Sea Disputes
Institute for Security & Development Policy, June 2016.
Yes, China Wants Hegemony over the South China Sea
Denny Roy, National Interest, August 2018.
Aquino Administration's 2011 Decision to Shift Philippine Defense Policy from Internal Security to Territorial Defense: The Impact of the South China Sea Dispute
Renato Cruz De Castro
Can China-Philippine Relations Go Beyond South China Sea Dispute?
ZHAO Hong, EAI Background Brief No. 740,
27 July 2012
China's Nine Dotted Lines in the South China Sea: The 2011 Exchange of Diplomatic Notes Between the Philippines and China
Nguyen-Dang Thang & Nguyen Hong Thao, Ocean Development & International Law, vol. 43, no. 1, 2012
China – Philippines Dispute in the South China Sea: Does Beijing Have a Legitimate Claim?
Robert Beckman, RSIS Commentaries no. 36,
7 March 2012
Here’s How the Philippines Can Win in the South China Sea
James Holmes, Foreign Policy, 16 August 2016.
Marine Entitlements in the South China Sea: The Arbitration Between the Philippines and China
David P. Stewart, The American Journal of International Law, vol. 110, iss. 4, 2016.
New King, New Character: Duerte's China Strategy and Its Impact on Philippine Interests in the South China Sea
Justin Shields, Indonesian Journal of International & Comparative Law, vol. 5, iss. 2, 2018.
Philippine Claim to the Spratly Islands Group
Haydee B. Yorac, Philippine Law Journal, vol. 58, second quarter, 2003
The Philippines Confronts China in the South China Sea: Power Politics vs. Liberalism-Legalism
Renato De Castro, Asian Perspective, Vol. 39, iss. 1, 2015.
Philippines South China Sea Policy
Pompeo Pledges to Defend Philippine Forces in South China Sea
Jake Maxwell Watts; Gordon, Michael R., Wall Street Journal, 01 March 2019.
South China Sea: The Philippine Fissure
Jay Batongbacal, The Interpreter, 27 March 2018.
The South China Sea Arbitration (The Philippines v. China): Potential Jurisdictional Obstacles or Objections
Sienho Yee, Chinese Journal of International Law, 2014.
Taiwan (Republic of China)
Taiwan Web site
Island or Rock? Taiwan Defends Its Claim in South China Sea
Steven Lee Myers, The New York Times, May 2018.
Party Politics and National Identity in Taiwan’s South China Sea Claims
Kimberly L. WIlson, Asian Survey, vol. 57, no.2, 2017.
The Role of Soft Power in China's Security Strategy: Case Studies on the South China Sea and Taiwan
Mikail Kalimuddin, Thesis Paper, US Army Command & General Staff College, June 2017.
South China Sea Dispute: Taiwan
Geopolitical Monitor, January 2019.
Taiwan's South China Sea Policy Evolution
Chi-Ting Tsai, Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative, April 2018.
Taiwan, the South China Sea Dispute, and the 2016 Arbitration Decision
Wei-Chin Lee, Journal of Chinese Political Science, vol. 22, iss. 2, 2017.
Tides of Change: Taiwan’s Evolving Position in the South China Sea
Lynn Kuok, Brookings Institute, May 2015.
China vs. America: How a War in the South China Sea Could Start
Kerry K. Gershaneck, National Interest, April 2019.
Deterring China in the “Gray Zone”: Lessons of the South China Sea for U.S. Alliances
James R. Holmes, Toshi Yoshihara, Orbis, Vol. 61, iss. 3, 2017.
Escalating Tensions in the South China Sea
Michael Wesley, National Interest, 10 September 2012
Is U.S.-China Conflict Imminent in the South China Sea?
Joseph S. Nye, Belfer Center for Science & International Affairs, June 2015.
The South China Sea: Assessing U.S. Policy
Michael McDevitt, American Foreign Policy Interests, vol. 37, iss. 1, 2015.
South China Sea: Oil, Maritime Claims, and U.S.-China Strategic Rivalry
Leszek Buszynski, Washington Quarterly, vol. 35, no. 2, Spring 2012
The South China Sea and U.S. Policy Options
Michael McDevitt, American Foreign Policy Interests, vol. 35, iss. 4, 2013.
The South China Sea and U.S.‐China Rivalry
Andrew Scobell, Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 133, iss. 2, 2018.
The U.S. Quietly Made a Big Splash About the South China Sea
Zack Cooper, Washington Post, 19 March 2019.
U.S. South China Sea Policy
Ngo Di Lan, The Diplomat, February 2019.
What Is The United States Doing In The South China Sea?
Peter Pham, Forbes Magazine, December 2017.
Why the South China Sea Fuels U.S.-China Tensions
David Tweed, Bloomberg Businessweek, October 2018.
Can Vietnam's Military Stand Up to China in the South China Sea?
Derek Grossman, Asia Policy, Vol. 13, iss. 1, 2018.
China, Vietnam and the South China Sea Disputes: Assessing the Implications of the May-June 2011 Incidents
Ramses Amer, 19 December 2011
Fire in the South China Sea: What a Sino-Vietnamese War May Look Like
Ishaan Tharoor, Time: World, 13 June 2011
FM’s Statement at the 16th Summit of Non-Aligned Movement
9 January 2012
Foreign Minister Pham Binh Minh Clarifies Content of Viet Nam Maritime Law
Historical Documents on Vietnam’s Sovereignty over Paracel and Spratly Islands
Vietnamnet Bridge; Source: National Committee for Border Affairs, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Party Leader Stresses Peace, Stability in Southeast Asia
15 September 2012
South China Sea: Reducing the China-Vietnam Tension
Zhen Sun, RSIS Commentaries no. 117,
8 August 2011
South China Sea: Vietnam Dares What Philippines Didn't
Panos Mourdoukoutas, Forbes, 02 January 2019.
The South China Sea Award: Legal Implications for Vietnam
Nguyen Thi Lan Anh, Contemporary Southeast Asia, Vol. 38, iss. 3, 2016.
South China Sea Showdown: How Vietnam Would Wage War Against China
Robert Beckhusen, National Interest, 23 May 2018.
Territorial Disputes and Nationalism: A Comparative Case Study of China and Vietnam
Hannah Cottilon, Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, Vol. 36, iss 1, 2017.
Towards a United, Strong and Open ASEAN Community
5 August 2012
Vietnam: New National Law Intensifies International Dispute
21 June 2012
Vietnam Condemns China's Sea Claims as "Serious Violation"
Reuters, 4 December 2012
Vietnam Defends its Claims in the South China Sea
Jane's Intelligence Review, vol. 29, iss. 7, 2017.
Vietnam Issues Stapled Visas to Chinese Passport Holders
Economic Times, 25 November 2012
Vietnam Should Update Its South China Sea Strategy
Huong Le Thu, Asia Maritime Transparency Initiative, December 2018.
VN, Thailand Pledge To Move Forward to Strategic Partnership
Social Republic of Viet Nam Government Web Portal,
27 October 2012
Reports and Documents >>
May 1, 2019 10:21 AM
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